All posts by akaakw

Avid traveller, horse rider, photographer, word-smith - well, just avid really.

Monks and the curious Art of Naming

Being a devoutly Buddhist country, monks are a dime a dozen, but one does have to be careful about “fake” monks. These are the ones that walk about with their begging bowls asking for money. Monks never beg; people donate. I am assuming these fake monks make a tidy business out of the devoutness of the Burmese who will give generously to any wandering monk. Similar things happen in India with fake saddhus. The real ones have renounced worldly pleasures and wander about relying on the comfort of strangers. Fake ones pose for you and then demand royalties for their image. Tut Tut.

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from nl.dreamstime.com

I guess it’s easier to become a fake monk than a fake saddhu. just shave your head and wrap yourself in maroon and saffron and buy a silver bowl. The chap to the left has had to put a lot of effort into it!

REAL monks would never ask for money; in fact, they never beg. As they do their morning rounds with their bowls, the houses they visit immediately donate whatever they have cooked up. In fact, the villagers prepare meals with the monks in mind so there is enough to go around.

Contrary to common belief, the monks are not vegetarians. As was explained, it makes sense: since they rely on donated food for their meals they could hardly say no to a donation of chicken curry with rice. The monks eat what they get. Well, I just learned something new.

Many families send their children to the monasteries for at least a few years. Partly due to their devotion, partly because the children get an education, and sometimes because the parents are too poor to afford to keep them. Our guide Ye Minh told us about his introduction to the monastic school when he was a little boy. He wanted to go because whenever his family visited on special days he would get yummy food to eat and the monks were always kind and gentle. So, he was very excited to be sent to be a novitiate at the age of six.

For the chosen child, there is a huge ceremony at the local pagoda, the children are decked out in glittering finery, made up to look like little dolls, boys and girls alike, until you can’t tell what sex the child is. They must be carried at all times, and have gold parasols to shade them from the scorching syn. The family accompanies them on a tour of the pagoda, and the kids are treated to sweets and generally treated like royalty. It’s a big thing becoming a monk.

So Ye Minh thought this was fantastic, and really looked forward to having his life in plush comfort at the monastery. When he was finally alone, he got a rude shock. Only two paltry meals a day, hard pallets to sleep on, and nothing but meditating and hard labour. The head monks proved to be hard disciplinarians, and within a day he wanted to leave. He got his moment when the head monk’s attention was diverted and so he scarpered back home, crying that he didn’t want to stay there anymore. His parents were mortified that he would spurn such an honour and told him they had spent so much money on getting him in, he was going to have to stay at least six months.

The little nuns have it worse, there is such reverence for the monks, it is not the same for the women: second class for them. The monasteries play a similar role to churches in the west in years past, acting as orphanages or schools for poor kids. Sometimes the children are sent to preserve them from trafficking or simply because their parents are too poor to afford them.

20180308-IMG_9203-51But don’t think the monks are stuck in the middle ages, no no, they are just as modern as anyone else in Myanmar, recording their tourist trips on their phone cameras, getting around in cars and motorcycles and as prone to selfies as any lay person.

In fact, some married men with families, when they’re over the family dramas, go and join a monastery to get away, visiting only from time to time. Well, it’s one way of getting peace I suppose.

As to children’s names: in Myanmar, the father doesn’t give his kids his name: in fact there is no such thing as a family name. Each child is given a name according to the day of the week they are born, chosen from a selection of names specific for that day.

Aung San Su Kyi is unusual because she has her own name, Su Kyi, but people also append her father’s name, Aung San because she is held in such high regard and her father was a hero.

Oo is the word for mister, so if we wanted to be formal, we could call our guides Oo Tun Tun, or Oo Ye Minh. For a woman, the word is Daw. I wonder if there is a man called La La, and then he would be Oo La La…. Oh dear, I couldn’t resist.

You don’t know what you’ve got till it’s gone

Within a short time of leaving our floating palace, we realise just how spoilt we were…

Our Ayarwaddy River View hotel is well situated by the river, just across the road from a sand depository. IMG_2077There is a constant line of boats depositing the river sand they’ve dredged up, and an equally constant line of tractor-truck conversions carting it away to the countless building projects all around the place. The delightful terrace on the fifth floor with views across to Mandalay hill is covered in a not-so-fine layer of dust which quickly transfers onto us. Our meal selections are not cordon, let alone bleu, so we already miss our sumptuous four course choices from the last two weeks. The stateliness of the spiral staircase is a little bit marred by the stained and worn carpet lining the corridor floors, and the air conditioning in the corridors is provided by the hot, dusty, smoky air from outside.

And though I complained about the blat-blat of the little two stroke boats on the river, our moving room was well soundproofed. Not so our room at this hotel. We are treated to the same noise all through the night, as well as what sounds like The War of the Dogs outside on the street.

But hey, the room is spacious, the beds are firm, and the bathroom is clean. What more do we need for one night.

The next morning we have a driver, Oo Aung Thu, to take us up to Pyin Oo Lwin where hubby’s ex is helping to edit a Myanmar soap opera. It’s an initiative of Aung San Su Kyi, who wants to inform the populace about legal rights in the country, which of course aren’t written down anywhere. So she cleverly decided to educate people via an entertaining watchable soap, in order to have some way of defending themselves against corruption, illegal land grabs, drugs and the like. The latest in the series about a legal rights lawyer defending victims of trafficking, rape and corruption is being filmed in the town in the hills, and we are on the way to visit.

Our road is a mixture of appalling and fantastic.

Being the main highway to China, it is clogged with trucks laden with watermelons and the like making for the border. Sections are brand-new split highway, and others are just being built. The road rises to 1000 m in hair pin bends and is a confusion of cars motorbikes, buses, trucks and bicycles.

We only have one night up here, and rescue M for an evening of fluent English conversation, a change from the baby language she must use for her Burmese work colleagues. They call her mum, and she is very highly regarded.

Pyin Oo Lwin is obviously a prosperous town, the roundabouts are beautifully planted with marigolds, and the houses still reflect the old colonial grandeur. For cocktails we go to the Kandawgyi Hill Hotel and sit on the terrace looking at the sunset between the trees. Dinner is at the Feel restaurant on the shores of the little lake (there is another lake – the big one.) The food is great, and the local red wine is very pleasant once it’s breathed a bit.

More temples, a bad princess and a bridge

Our day begins like all the others – the blat blat of two stroke powered boats arriving at the crack of dawn to sell and shop. Today we have a stroll around the town of Myinmu, visiting the market to see wares on sale. Up another dusty road, being beeped at by trucks and motorcycles as we learn what people do for breakfast, how to make and chew betel nuts, and gawk at fly laden fish and meat laid out in the open air as the women wave fans about sporadically to unsettle the flies. Occasionally I stop to take a photo:  lovely aubergines and indeterminate red stuff that is sitting next to the dried fish. I’m not game to ask.

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We tourists are in the way, waddling about after our guide and obstructing the narrow corridors for the people who are trying to get about their daily life with laden baskets on their heads. They are all very good-natured and when I get separated from the others, a woman points to the direction I have to take. I then trip over an umbrella base and the women sitting around me burst into raucous laughter; they all think my big feet are hilarious. I have provided the entertainment for the day. Someone will have a great dinner party story.

I go everywhere with my new parasol, now looking like a very sickly pale Burmese woman with big feet. I am met with broad smiles and chuckles, and one man finds me so fetching he must take a photo on his camera phone.

Our lunch is served before my breakfast is digested, because we have another bus trip to see a few more destinations; temples, temples and a bridge. Oh, and a stop to see the local weaving factory and visit their show room to buy things.

We take the bus for 1 ½ hours, then onto a local ferry, then a horse cart to Innwa, which used to be the imperial capital in the 1800’s. We visit the Maha Aung Mye Bon Zan temple first; entirely built of teak by Princess Manu, who seems to be the Burmese version of a wicked Cinderella.

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At the ripe old age of 12 she came of age, and as usual, she went to bathe in the river. A very confused eagle stole her longyi and dropped it on the palace roof of the King’s main wife. When the king saw it, it was obviously an omen, and he didn’t rest until he found Manu. Stricken by her beauty, he insisted on marrying her (as one does). However, Manu proves the adage that beauty is only skin-deep, and there wasn’t any happy ever after for her with the king. Being an ambitious little minx, she wanted to install her brother on the throne and rule. So she drugged the king until he became gaga, then assumed rule and became the meanest queen they had ever had. The only good thing she did was to build this particular teak temple all for her childhood sweetheart. Broken-hearted, he had become a monk after she ditched him, and he wouldn’t even look at her.

Eventually, the people tired of her, so there was the inevitable coup, and she was sentenced to death. One last time to see her sweetheart monk and make him look at her, but all he said was “Manu, in life you get what you deserve.” She agreed, having done so many bad deeds, and sought deliverance from her sins by dying. They drowned her like a kitten: tied her into a bag with a big rock and threw her into the river. Her spirit now haunts a memorial shrine, so beware of being a bad queen.

Our next stop didn’t have anywhere near as interesting a story but offered a great picture. The Bargaya monastery is now abandoned, but still displays the grandeur of the time, with window cavities opening onto a cool dark interior.

 

And on the way we passed the “Leaning Tower of Innla” as well as a fiew rice paddies being planted

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Our last stop was the bridge at Amarapura city: the longest teak bridge in the world, constructed from wood recycled from an abandoned palace. It’s a draw card for Burmese as well as international tourists so we dodge and weave our way through the crowds and up onto the bridge. There are no hand rails, so we are advised to walk in the middle, but that is easier said than done – there are so many people going to and for, a well as the obligatory stalls selling cheap tat, so navigating even a short distance is hazardous; a six-metre drop awaits a slip.

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Our day is not quite finished, and we are escorted onto small row-boats, which take us across the (currently) small expanse of river and face the sunset behind the bridge. Very photogenic, but most especially the reflections of the boats in the river and the gazillion tourists wielding their cameras for the occasion. Some of them have glasses of champagne in hand, with another boat bringing the guy with the top-up. We must have bought the cheap seats – no champers at sundown for us!

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And disco night awaits us this evening – I wonder how many will still be awake for that!

Balloons over Bagan

We are jangled out of our slumbers at 5.00 this morning: we are off to fill a balloon with hot air and drift over the temple studded plains of Bagan. It’s pitch black, and we stumble sleepily up to the top deck where I slurp coffee and stuff a croissant onto my barely awake taste buds.

Only a couple of the staff are up to accompany us up the bank, and we wait in the dark at the top for our bus transportation. When it arrives, I cannot believe my eyes, it’s the oldest, most rattly vehicle I’ve ever ridden in, no windows and a padded bench along the sides. We lurch into motion, and the dusty cool air streams past me, cold enough that I need to wind my sarong around my neck. After what feels like a long ride, we stop in a field, and I check that my teeth are all present and accounted for.

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They’ve very kindly put up little stools and percolated coffee to help with the waking up process. We join our pilot, Jason, for our briefing. They demonstrate the emergency seating position: sitting down, both hands gripping the rope rings, and our heads against the padded top of the basket. And when he says sit down, we are to sit, not take just one more photo. Oh – and keep your hands off the controls and away from the burners. Yes sir, capitan, sir.

We step back again, and they wheel over the industrial fans to blow air into the balloon, and when the opening is expanded enough, the burners finish the job heating the air; the balloon rises slowly off the ground, pulling the basket into the upright position. I wait until as long as possible to climb in, selfishly taking the outside: I want the poll position, and I’m going to have it! There are four compartments of four people each in the basket, and we are in no danger of falling out, since the sides come up to my chest. We’ve been teamed with a very nice German couple who work for Lufthansa, he as a pilot, and she as a flight attendant. She smiles as she says it “so cliché!”. I guess Jason has sized us up so he can distribute our weight evenly, don’t want a listing basket.

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After a short while, the balloon lifts off the ground, and the crew disconnect the ropes tethering us to the bus, and we sail up over the golf course, to the roar of the propane burners heating the air above us. Before too long, I must remove my jacket – those things pump out some heat!

Sadly, the air is full of smoke so that when the sun makes its appearance it does little to cut the haze in the air, and the photography is atmospheric rather than crisp. None-the-less, we drift up and over the 2000-odd constructions below us as well as the farmers and their oxen ploughing the fields. Two dogs trot across a field, busy about their own business, and it’s a great vantage point to see life in action. When we float over the temples themselves, it’s a reminder of why drones are so popular: getting a bird’s eye view of the temples is special, and the beautiful symmetry of the buildings only becomes obvious from up here.

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Before too long, we are at the end of our journey, and our Canadian pilot puts us down in a field: brace position, and we bump a little and drag a little, but land on terra firma in one piece. He then tells us that he is Canadian champion for ballooning, which involves him in a harness only, having to put his balloon down on a tiny X in a field and then gain enough height quickly to clear the trees a short distance away. Or another challenge is a set of keys sitting on the top of a van, which he must swoop down and pick up; all in the shortest possible time. We were indeed in good hands.

Champagne, and a bit of banana cake or fruit celebrates our safe landing, and it’s back on the rickety bus for our return to the boat, still floating on our experience.

Dancing Elephants – but no worries

After our visit to another stupa, we take a different route to the boat, and stop for an elephant dance. Our guide is late – he was meant to make the introductions, but I cost him a few minutes with my photography requests:

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Of course I am somewhat hesitant, having visions of the poor elephants chained in the sun and then having to perform for us ignoramuses. This is what happens in Thailand, and I deeply despise the practice. Unsuspecting foreigners don’t think about the fact that the elephants have been separated from their families, and taught they can’t get away by being chained to a stake until they give up the idea of escape. Then they have to stay on hard tarmac the whole day for some idiot to pay $5 to feed them some bananas. Don’t worry – this is as much about me as it is about all the other idiots out there. I, too, have made this mistake, but never again.

Anyway – don’t you worry dear reader – not an elephant in sight, apart from the large, embroidered one animated by a couple of strong chaps. It weighs a ton, and must be sweltering under all that embroidery, but they carry (pun intended) out their elephantine duties well.

An energetic performance for us, accompanied by the clang of the musicians sheltering in the shade of the tree. The tourists enjoy it immensely, as do all the visiting Burmese tourists who crowd around us with their children to enjoy the spectacle. I make room, it’s a bit difficult to see over the top of the well-fed foreigners when you only come up to their shoulders. The children pose for their portraits with fingers held up in the universal sign: V.

Even as infants, they are displaying a talent for fashion: many of them have hair dyed various shades from yellow to bright pink, with patterns shaved into their short hair. Wouldn’t look out of place in Sydney. And they’ve all got their camera phones so they can take selfies, or not.

Today’s visit is to a …. Pagoda!!!!!

Our boat sets off at sparrow fart to arrive at Tantkyitaung. We are a little later than normal, and wait with impatience as the gang-plank is efficiently put in place. Up the sandy river bank and into the waiting mini-buses: W and I were a bit later to get out, and ended up in the VIP car, a normal sedan which we have to ourselves, King Werner and Queen Andrea with our prime minister Tun Tun (our guide) to give us a personalised travelogue… Very special! All around us, locals are arriving in little ferries and piling into open air taxis to make the same trek as us.

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We lead the procession of vans up the winding hill, the landscape around us parched and dusty with little growing except spiky acacias. Not much wild life around here, barking deer and snakes for the most part; the tigers have been driven away by the oil, gas and lime mining that dots the hills around here. Even villagers now have their own family drill, and extract diesel oil, which they fill into plastic bottles and cart back to their house on the back of motorbikes, there to refine it into something useable. The hills are dotted with green tarpaulins covering the people from the sun as they drill into the hills, sometimes down to 400m for a liter of crude oil.

At the very top of the hill we navigate a small traffic jam – there are so many local taxis and so little space that they just turn around and drive back down to pick up the next lot. We all pile out, and are offered the option of taking a lift up to the top, or walk up 50-odd steps. We all opt for the lift.

The ride is worth it: panoramic views across the dusty hills all the way to Bagan which is our next stop. The Stupa is, as always, blindingly golden in the sun. This one was founded by the Buddha, who, it is said, released a white elephant and decided wherever the elephant went and knelt down would be the place for the temple. To the horror of the local people, the elephant headed straight up the hill, and despite all the efforts of the town folk to divert it from its path, it climbed all the way and knelt at the very top of the hill. Hence the mini-buses.

We walk around the temple, clicking away with our cameras; white elephant, views, stupa, local children – all is grist to the mill for tourists. I still wonder if I would be as graceful if some foreigner arrived at my church and started taking pictures of the congregation – I suspect there would be letters to the editor and a law banning picture-taking.

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On the way down in our now last car, I get an added bonus: an unscheduled stop to take a photo of the green “pagodas” dotting the hillsides, and a little detour to photograph a dusty old truck that caught my eye on the way up. Being last has its compensations when it comes to photography – the other foreigners have moved on and I have my unobstructed chance.20180304-IMG_8568-09

Fated Fort

This morning we have an early start, 8.30 instead of the customary 9.00. Unlike most days, we have two shore visits today, so we are packing it in. At 7.30 it’s cool, enough that I wish I had brought a wrap onto the top deck, but before too long the coolness will be a fond memory.

We stop at Minhla, the site of an ill-fated fort that the Burmese built intending to protect the Upper Burma from the predations of the British. Engineers trained in England on building fortifications as well as cannons, set to and built two forts on either side of the river. Unfortunately for the Burmese king, these two engineers dropped their bundle when it came to the fighting and ran off to Yangon to escape overseas; unfortunately carrying all the plans of the forts and the capital Mandalay. They were arrested by the English, the plans seized, and Upper Burma fell.

 

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The fort is remarkably well preserved, and we wander around it and climb to the upper levels.

Our shore trip also involves visiting the local market – a hive of activity with the locals trying to get their morning shopping done while dodging around the pesky tourists. We pass by stalls laden with fresh produce, chickens and chicken bits, dried and fresh fish, next to spices, eggs and vegetables. The locals greet us with a smile, sometimes of bemusement, no doubt wondering what is so interesting about their daily life. I sometimes wonder what we would do if they came to our country and started photographing the queues at stock-take sales, and the free-for-all when Nutella comes on special in France. Just imagine our outrage.

But here they smile, and if you ask nicely, and reward them with seeing their picture, they take it all in good grace. One of my fellow travellers exclaims “A photographic feast!” – I wince: I feel conflicted about treating these folk like displays in some amusement park or zoo. I’ve become more shy about taking people’s pictures, preferring an overall scene to a direct confrontation. Oh, don’t think I am a saint – I still snap the shot….

 

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Becoming more and more selective with my pictures, I hang back when everyone is pointing their cameras at a young novice monk doing the rounds for his food donations. He looks around with wide eyes and makes off, but I wait a few moments till everyone is gone, and then my guide invites him back. He returns and poses formally for his portrait, but is on his way before I have the idea to donate my unopened water bottle to him. There are two more approaching, so I try again, and the little one (who can’t be more than 7), shyly takes the bottle and shows it off to his older companion. All of about 12, I would guess.